Hawaiian Insects

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koa Humuula 3498

koa Humuula 3498.jpg koa Humuula 3497Thumbnailskoa Kaiwiki Road 3488koa Humuula 3497Thumbnailskoa Kaiwiki Road 3488koa Humuula 3497Thumbnailskoa Kaiwiki Road 3488koa Humuula 3497Thumbnailskoa Kaiwiki Road 3488koa Humuula 3497Thumbnailskoa Kaiwiki Road 3488

The area of defoliation in the Humuula forest reserve section and adjacent land is very well-defined and is completely separated from the main outbreak area by about 5 km as of early February 2013. Here the koa is continuous from about 2400-5400 ft, unlike in the main area to the south, where lower and upper koa belts are separated by boggy ohia-uluhe forest. The outbreak area is also at a higher elevation, 3400-4200 ft rather than 1800-3200 ft.

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